Animal Feed Testing

As we know there are plenty of food and drinks that we obtain from different animals like milk, meat, butter, chicken, eggs etc from cows, sheep, goats, buffalo, camel, poultry hen, cocks, pigeons, deer and so on. So to meet the daily needs of human, many people have created control sheds for poultry growth, control stables, control sheds for veterinary etc.

As soon as demand increased, we started finding out ways to get the bread adult as quickly as possible. For example poultry farms uses feed supplements to bring chick up in few days making able to sell in good weight and size. Similarly for cow sheds, milkmen started finding resources where they could get information about animal feed supplements for cows and buffalo to yield more milk.

So, the invention of animal feed and energy feed supplements came into being and we are able to have numerous types with certain energy and potency grades.

However, despite everything, it is not all the time ok to put one feed to every animal and nor it is ok to put feed to any animal without testing its characteristics that could even harm the health of animals. So the need of animal feed testing became intact.

We are pleased to express our state of the art testing services to meet all type of animal feed testing and feed supplement analysis. You may write us in full confidence for any such testing services anytime.

IMO D1 and D2 Standards Ballast Deballast Survey

Ballasting and Deballasting is the term used to stabilize ships in the water, especially when ship is discharged from all heavy load, it becomes light in weight hence unbalanced to float smoothly on the surface. So ballasting is taking water into the tanks of the ship to meet the standard load for balancing and same manner when the ship needs loading, deballasting is required or may be this process required in certain circumstances as well when the ship sails.

As per International Maritime Organization (IMO) there are two standards for ballast water management:

D1 Standard – Ballast Water Exchange (BWE)

First standard is the D1 standard which refers to Ballast Water Exchange (BWE). For BWE, efficiency of at least 95% volumetric exchange of ballast water is required. Efficiency is considered as 95% standard when the ship uses to have pumping-through method and where it pumps three times. This entire operation has to be done while ship conducts 200 nautical miles operations from the shore/land, and the water should meet the standard of min 200 meters deep. It is better to go as far as from the land to undertake BWE operation however, minimum 50 nautical miles could also be considered however, under no conditions water depth should not be less than 200 meters. One more thing to remember is, to contact the port state administrators to confirm Ballast Water Exchange requirements within local waters.

D2 Standard – Ballast Water Performance

D2 standard refers to performance of the ballast water and this is all about chemistry and the laboratory testing where we need to get report for D2- Ballast Water Performance Testing from accredited lab. Purpose of D2 standard is to stipulate the level of acceptance of organism that could be found in the discharge ballast water.

  • The viable organisms fewer than 10 greater than or equal to 50 micrometers in minimum dimension per cubic meter;
  • The viable organisms fewer than 10 less than 50 micrometers in minimum dimension and greater than or equal to ten micrometers in minimum dimension per milliliter.

Additionally, a ballast water discharge of indicator microbes, as a health standard, shall not exceed the following specified concentrations:

  • Toxicogenic Vibrio cholerae (O1 and O139) with less than one colony-forming unit (cfu) per 100 milliliters or less than 1 cfu per 1 gram (wet weight) zooplankton samples;
  • Escherichia coli less than 250 cfu per 100 milliliters;
  • Intestinal Enterococci less than 100 cfu per 100 milliliters

If you require our services, please visit our page Ballasting and Deballasting Inspection Services or you require ballast water analysis, please visit our page Ballast Water Testing for all the specifications.